A new study by psychologists at the University of Ohio suggests that atheists are kinder to Christians than vice versa. The study also suggests a possible reason for this: they may be more kind p to compensate for the popular stereotype that atheists are immoral .
VS Christian Atheists
In addition to the above, the researchers They also showed that Christians have a bias within the group towards other Christians when it comes to economics, which means that they prefer to do business with people who believe the same thing they do. Atheists, on the other hand, did not exhibit a bias within the group towards other atheists .
The study's author, Colleen Cowgill noted in an interview with Psypost that atheists have increased their visibility, in part due to the emergence of the "New Atheists" a decade ago. Their number has also increased, with approximately 3% of Americans identified as atheists and about 26% as likely not to believe in God, according to another recent study.
As the author explains:
From this previous investigation, we know that the general population in the United States tends to Stereotyping atheists as immoral and unreliable, a reputation that many atheists understandably find distressing. My main interest was in how atheists themselves respond to these negative stereotypes.
She also argues that members of a stereotyped group can also act "compensatory" to combat prejudice, citing the example of immigrants in the United States. struggling to show their American identity when it is threatened.
The study used an economic game as a way to explore how people behave with others inside and outside their groups. The game used was a modified version of the Dictator Game, where one person (the dictator) has to share a monetary reward with another .
In the study, Christian participants gave more money to Christians that atheists, while atheists gave atheists and Christians alike. When the religious identity of the participants was concealed, the effects disappeared. Revealingly, when their own identity was concealed, atheists gave more money to other atheists. As the author concludes:
I think it is quite revealing that atheists are perhaps so acutely aware of negative stereotypes about themselves that there are observable differences in their behavior compared to Christians, even in this small type of low-level interaction. risk